Authors: Mohammad, Dilwar and Nadeem Seddon, Hussain and Malik
GEORGE ORWELL famously wrote in his book, Animal Farm, that, `all are equal but some are more equal than others'. The question of political, racial and religious equality is an ongoing debate within the context of a modern secular nation-state like Britain. When national identity is constructed around specific ideas and notions of race and religion, multi-cultural diversity and religious pluralism are negated via exclusivity. As a result, any social entities existing outside the concepts of a very definite and exclusive national identity are treated as `other'. Muslims in Britain are often viewed in terms of `otherness'. They are also measured by their responses to their religious and national identities particularly when there is a clear contention resulting in a question of loyalty. `A true and faithful allegiance to the legitimate sovereign or government of one's country', would perhaps be an accurate description of `loyalty' within the context of citizenship and nationality. But for one to truly experience and manifest loyalty the feeling of inclusion and belonging must already be firmly established. Belonging would suggest that one is fully included in a specific member group, or in this case nation, and that the particular rights regarding individual inclusion within the member group are assigned. Belonging, therefore, is the precursor to loyalty and that, because one cannot belong without a sense of loyalty, both idioms are possibly interdependent. In response to the current socio-political debate on loyalty and belonging perhaps Orwell might say, `all are British but some are more British than others'.
Size : 21x14 / 8 x 6 inches
Weight : 190 gm / 0.42 lbs
Pages : 116
Binding : Paper Back